Sulaiman-Too Sacred Mountain in Kyrgyzstan
Sulaiman-Too Sacred Mountain Kyrgyzstan dominates the Fergana Valley and forms the backdrop to the city of Osh, at the crossroads of important routes on the Central Asian Silk Roads. For more than one and a half millennia, Sulaiman was a beacon for travellers revered as a sacred mountain. Its five peaks and slopes contain numerous ancient places of worship and caves with petroglyphs as well as two largely reconstructed 16th century mosques. One hundred and one sites with petroglyphs representing humans and animals as well as geometrical forms have been indexed in the property so far. The site numbers 17 places of worship, which are still in use, and many that are not. Dispersed around the mountain peaks they are connected by footpaths. The cult sites are believed to provide cures for barrenness, headaches, and back pain and give the blessing of longevity. Veneration for the mountain blends pre-Islamic and Islamic beliefs. The site is believed to represent the most complete example of a sacred mountain anywhere in Central Asia, worshipped over several millennia. (The source www.whc.unesco.org
“Sulaiman-Too” national history archeology museum complex is one of the biggest museums in Kyrgyzstan. Historical and cultural memorials are kept in museum as Kyrgyz national pride.
Museum was renamed several times in its developing history.
In 1949-1978 Osh regional museum of Local Lore.
In 1978-1982 Osh regional museum of Culture and History.
In 1982-2004 Osh united Historical Cultural Museum Reserve.
Since April, 1 0. 2004 “Sulaiman-Too” National History Archeology Museum complex.
There are more than 33 thousand exhibits in museum fund. They are 6694 archeological, 3702 ethnographical, 19852 documents and photos, 1196 fine applied art things, paintings, sculptures, drawings and others.
New special typo of museum building was opened in 2000 year to 3000 year anniversary of Osh city. Its exhibition consists of 2 parts with total area 1100m2.
Museum’s considered regional that’s why its expositions devoted to nature and history of the Southern Kyrgyzstan.
Nature of the Southern Kyrgyzstan is showed by fauna, flora, beautiful places, peculiarity of geographical location, relief and climate.
History part exposition begins from the longest stone epoch till the history of the South Kyrgyzstan today.
Ancient times and today are showed through the finds characterizing Chust archeological culture, Osh settlement, nomadic agriculture, cattle-breeding, craftsmen tribes and by the materials on rising culture of Fergana Valley population and agriculture.
The history of ethnic native Kyrgyz began from the 201year B.C, when athenaeum Kyrgyz first time appeared in Chinese chronicles.
Rock pictures and writing in Orhon-Enesai and Saimaly-Tash give information about that ancient Kyrgyz had their own writing, culture, science, and were the leading tribes among other Turk tribes.
The great Silk Way went through ancient Osh.
In medieval Arabic and Persian chronicles ancient Osh was described as one of the mostly developed cities surrounded by well –fortified walls. It was the third by size in Fergana valley with handicraft and trade centre.
Uzgen was the capital of the west part of Karakhanid Kaganat in the XI century. With the rise of political role of Uzgen, its economy and culture highly developed.
In the centre of exposition there is a model of Sulaiman-too and zodiac signs. They show philosophy thinking, world perception, and astrological conception of Kyrgyz people.
Besides there are materials concerning a statesman, general, great poet and historian-Z.M.Babur.
The Kyrgyz people during much age history took part in lots of battles for their freedom. Sometimes they lost, sometimes they won and continued their history. In 1994 scientists at conference marked that the last stage of Kyrgyz ethnos in Central Tian-Shan was in the XV-XVI centuries. “Consolidation” , Islamic religion, epos “Manas” played a great role in Kyrgyz ethnic gathering.
At the and of the XIX century and beginning of the XX th century every day life of Kyrgyz people made them use nature resources and lead nomadic life.
three lakes mountain
Houses, manufacture materials, applied art, jewelries, works of wood masters, embroidering, hand –made carpets, needlework, beautiful national clothes raise great interest among visitors.
The roots of Kyrgyz national music go back to ancient times. Musical art was performed with different musical instruments.
From the end of the XVIII th century the Southern Kyrgyz, Uzbek and other Fergana Valley inhabitants were in a body of Kokond State.
From the first half of the XIX th century Kokon state was one of the biggest states in Central Asia by territory and population. Epoch-making personalities as Alymkul Atalyk, Abdurahman Aptabachy, Alymbek Datka and Kurmanjan Datka worked for the welfare of poor common people and native land.
There are documents, photos, collections, manufactured products describing the history of the Southern Kyrgyzstan from Soviet period till our days. And there are also gifts of foreign states given at Osh 3000 year celebration. (The source www.sulaimanto.org/en/ )